Work Program (UPWP)

UPWP Glossary

 Below is a glossary of terms found in our Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP)

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Term Acronym Description
Active Mobility/
  A form of transport that only uses human physical activity for locomotion, notably walking and cycling. Running, skateboarding, kick scooter and roller skates are also forms of active mobility. 
Active Transporation Plan ATP A regional transportation plan that establishes strategies to facilitate development of a highly functioning, regional network of infrastructure for biking and walking. (ATP webpage)
Alterntative Fuel Vehicles AFV Vehicles that operate primarily on non-petroleum fuels such as natural gas, propane, electricity, hydrogen and biodiesel.
Alternatives Analysis AA Preliminary engineering and environmental studies of a wide range of transportation project alternatives. Alternatives are narrowed down, with some selected for more detailed study. Then, after substantial and detailed engineering and environmental studies, a preferred alternative is identified.
Asset Management   A strategic approach to preserving and enhancing the condition of transportation infrastructure.
Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations AMPO A nonprofit membership organization, of which the NJTPA is a member, established to serve the needs and interests of MPOs nationwide.
Automated, Connected, Electric, and Shared Vehicles ACES Automotive technologies that enable new mobility paradigms, new companies, and new business and revenue models which have the potential to alter the way consumers interact with vehicles.
Battery Electric Vehicles BEV Vehicles with all battery electrics, which plugs into a power source to recharge.
Bipartisan Infrastructure Law BIL  The nation's principal transportation funding law which was signed by President Joseph Biden on November 15, 2021, authorizing $1.2 trillion for transportation and infrastructure spending with $550 billion going towards new investments and programs. Also known as the IIJA. (IIJA Resources webpage)
Bridge Management System BMS A set of tools for analyzing data on the condition of bridges, predicting deterioration, and formulating optimum and cost-effective actions for preservation and maintenance.
Brownfields   Abandoned or under-used commercial, industrial, and institutional properties where redevelopment and reuse are complicated by light to moderate contamination from hazardous substances and wastes.
Bus Rapid Transit BRT A flexible form of rapid transit using semi-dedicated or dedicated bus routes, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) elements and specially branded vehicles to provide services similar to light rail systems with reduced capital costs.
Categorical Exclusion CE Transportation projects that have minimal environmental impacts and are excluded from certain environmental reviews.
Central Staff   The support staff for the NJTPA. (Staff Directory)
Certification   A federally mandated process whose purpose is to certify that an MPO is legally qualified to receive and expend federal dollars. A certification review examines the planning process to ensure that it complies with all applicable federal regulations.
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 CAAA Federal law that requires states to set budgets and timetables for reducing air pollution. The law requires the NJTPA to give priority funding to transportation projects which reduce vehicle emissions through travel pattern changes, travel mode options, and/or traffic flow improvements.
Code of Federal Regulations CFR A compilation of all regulations issued by the federal government's agencies and departments. Published annually.
Concept Development CD The phase of work in the NJTPA's S&D process, in which information and data are gathered and generated to develop a clear understanding of a transportation problem for later consideration of alternatives.
Conformity (Air Quality)   A federally required analysis of transportation plans such as the LRTP and TIP used to demonstrate that funded projects, taken together, will not produce more air pollution than allowed by New Jersey's SIP.
Congestion Management Process CMP A federally mandated systematic approach to identifying and addressing congestion. It includes data collection, monitoring and measuring of transportation system performance and identifying alternative actions and strategies for particular locations. (CMP webpage)
Congestion Mitigation Air Quality CMAQ A program that funds transportation projects or programs that will contribute to attainment of the NAAQS, with a focus on reducing ozone, carbon monoxide and fine particulate matter (PM2.5).
Congestion Pricing   Transportation tolls, fares or other charges that vary with the level of travel demand (for example, by time of day) to help optimize the efficiency of the transportation system.
Connected and Automated Vehicles CAV Vehicles equipped with devices to communicate location and operational conditions with surrounding vehicles and adjacent infrastructure as well as to perform automated driving functions.
Constrained funding   Funding allocations that are balanced with assumed revenues. This is used for the first four years of the TIP.
Construction CON A final phase of work in the TIP, involving actual construction.
Context Sensitive Design CSD A collaborative, interdisciplinary approach to designing transportation infrastructure that involves all stakeholders to develop a facility that is appropriate to its setting and preserves scenic, aesthetic, historic, and environmental resources, while maintaining safety and mobility.
Coordinated Human Services Transportation Plan CHSTP A federally required plan to help guide counties and the region in prioritizing and funding transportation services for disabled, elderly and low-income residents. (CHSTP webpage)
Corridor   A broad geographical band that follows a general directional flow connecting major origins and destinations of trips, and which may contain a number of streets, highways, and transit alignments.
County Road CR The roads that are usually, but not always, maintained by the counties and denoted by three digits in the 500 to 699 range.
Cross County Connection   The TMA providing services to Burlington and Camden counties. A limited number of services are also provided to Gloucester, Salem, Cumberland, Atlantic, and Cape May counties.
Database Number DBNUM A number given to each project and program in the TIP for tracking purposes.
Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission DVRPC The bi-state MPO for the Philadelphia area, including the New Jersey counties of Mercer, Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester.
Disadvantaged-owned Business Enterprise DBE Businesses owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals. In transportation planning, DBE programs seek to ensure that the businesses can compete fairly for government- funded projects and programs.
Electric Vehicle EV Automobiles that run on electric power but may rely on assistance from gasoline engines. 
Electronic Statewide Transportation Improvement Program e-STIP An on-line system that provides the status of current projects as the STIP is modified.
Emerging Small Business Enterprise ESBE A designation used by New Jersey Department of Transportation in a program to meet the maximum feasible portion of its federal Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) goal through race-neutral means.
Engineering/Construction EC Combined funding for both engineering, design and construction costs.
Environmental Assessment EA A report that identifies the environmental impacts of project alternatives as a requirement of NEPA. The EA can lead to a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) or indicate that further study through an EIS) is required.
Environmental Impact Statement EIS An investigative report issued to comply with the requirements of the NEPA that quantifies the environmental impacts of major proposed transportation projects.
Environmental Justice EJ In transportation planning, the principle that the benefits and burdens of transportation projects be equitably shared among all segments of the population. Regulations draw specific attention to low-income and minority persons; elderly and mobility impaired persons are sometimes considered in this context.
Executive Committee EC Consists of the NJTPA's Chair, First Vice-Chair, Second Vice-Chair, Third Vice-Chair, and Secretary. Provides oversight and direction on administrative, personnel, and financial matters; coordinates issues of priority attention; and acts on behalf of the NJTPA Board of Trustees when not in session. Meets as needed. (Committee membership)
EZ Ride   The TMA for northeast New Jersey and Monmouth County.
Federal Highway Administration FHWA The agency of the USDOT that administers federal funding for highways and bridges. Along with the FTA, FHWA oversees the planning process administered by the NJTPA.
Federal Highway Trust Fund   Provides dedicated funding to federal highway and mass transit programs. Revenues are derived from the federal gas tax, along with user fees.
Federal Railroad Administration FRA The agency of the USDOT that issues and enforces rail safety regulations, administers railroad assistance programs, and conducts research and development in support of improved railroad safety and national rail transportation policy.
Federal Transit Administration FTA The agency of the a USDOT that administers federal funding for public transit. Along with the a FHWA, the FTA oversees the planning process administered by the NJTPA.
Finding of No Significant Impact   A determination of an EA indicating that a potential project will have no significant environmental impact.
Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act FAST Act The federal funding and authorization law that governs U.S. federal surface transportation investments from fiscal year 2016 to fiscal year 2020.
Freight Concept Development Program FCDP A competitive program which provides funding to the NJTPA subregions to conduct CD on proposed local and regional freight transportation projects.
Freight Initiatives Committee FIC A standing committee of the NJTPA. The FIC supports the region's economically vital goods movement industry and works to fashion a transportation agenda for truck, rail, air, and waterborne commerce in the region. Meets bi-monthly. (FIC membership)
Geographic Information System GIS A computer system that can spatially manage, analyze and present mapped geographic data. It can generate electronic and printed maps.
goHunterdon   The TMA for Hunterdon County.
Grant Anticipation Revenue Vehicles GARVEE GARVEE bonds are a mechanism offered by FHWA to address projects that are eligible for federal aid, but due to their size, would consume a major portion of the capital program in the year they are ready for contract award. Under this mechanism, FHWA reimburses the state for project debt service over a number of years rather than for construction outlays. The state agency in turn issues GARVEE bonds.
Greater Mercer TMA, Inc. GMTMA The TMA for Mercer and Ocean Counties.
Greenhouse Gas GHG Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere. Some GHGs, such as carbon dioxide, occur naturally, while others, such as fluorinated gases, are created and emitted solely through human activities.
Heavy Rail   High-volume passenger rail systems that run in separate rights-of-way from all other vehicular and foot traffic.
High Risk Rural Roads Program HRRR Part of HSIP, high risk rural roads are functionally classified as rural major collectors, rural minor collectors, or rural local roads with a fatal and incapacitating injury crash rate above the statewide average for those functional classes of roadway, or likely to experience an increase in traffic volume that leads to a fatal and incapacitating injury crash rate in excess of the average statewide rate. (HRRR webpage)
Highway Safety Improvement Program HSIP This program funds projects intended to achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on public roads. The HSIP addresses two specific transportation safety areas: Hazard Elimination Program (HEP) focuses on general road safety, and the Grade Crossing Improvement Program (GCIP) to make rail grade crossings safer.
Hudson TMA   The TMA for Hudson County.
Implementing Agencies   Agencies responsible for maintenance, construction, and operation of the state highway and public transit systems. Also known as operating agencies, these include NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and PANYNJ.
Infrastructure Investment & Jobs Act IIJA The nation's principal transportation funding law which was signed by President Joseph Biden on November 15, 2021, authorizing $1.2 trillion for transportation and infrastructure spending with $550 billion going towards new investments and programs. Also known as the BIL. (IIJA Resources webpage)
Intelligent Transportation Society of New Jersey ITS- NJ A non-profit, organization of public, private, and academic sector organizations having an interest in the research, deployment, and operation of Intelligent Transportation Systems in New Jersey. A state Chapter of ITS America
Intelligent Transportation Systems ITS Technology to better manage traffic and transit resources, enhance safety and reduce accidents, inform the public about travel conditions, and more effectively handle toll collection, safety inspection, log maintenance, licensing and vehicle registration.
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act ISTEA Enacted in 1991 by Congress (and superseded by TEA-21 in 1998, SAFETEA-LU in 2005, MAP-21 in 2012, FAST Act in 2015 and IIJA in 2021), ISTEA inaugurated a new approach to transportation planning that emphasized the interdependence and connections among major components of the national transportation system
Job Access Reverse Commute Program JARC A former FTA program providing funding for selected counties and municipalities to increase job accessibility for the most disadvantaged members of the population, including facilitating urban to suburban commuting.
Journey to Work JTW A classification of data used in transportation planning; it describes the mode used by an individual to travel from home to work, as well as the time that it takes to do so. This data is collected in travel surveys and through the U.S. Census.
Keep Middlesex Moving, Inc. KMM The TMA for Middlesex County
Light Rail Transit LRT A form of passenger urban rail transit characterized by a combination of tram and metro features. While its rolling stock is more similar to a traditional tram, it operates at a higher capacity and speed, and often on an exclusive right-of-way. In many cities, light rail transit systems more closely resemble, and are therefore indistinguishable from, traditional underground or at-grade subways and heavy-rail metros
Local Capital Project Delivery Program LCPDP A competitive program which provides funding to the NJTPA subregions to conduct CD and Preliminary Engineering (PE) on proposed transportation projects, preparing them for eventual construction. (LCPDP webpage)
Local Concept Development LCD CD carried out by a local (subregional) entity. (LCD webpage)
Local Preliminary Engineering LPE The phase of project development in which the preferred alternative identified in concept development is further developed and refined to a level of detail necessary to secure the approval of the environmental document, also known as the NEPA document.
Local Safety Engineering Assistance Program LSEAP This program supports the LSP and HRRR Program. It is federally funded using HSIP funds and assists the subregions in advancing projects through the federal authorization process for construction by preparation of plans, specifications and cost estimates.
Local Safety Program LSP This federally funded program is a component of wider safety planning at the NJTPA, supporting construction of high impact safety improvements on county and local roads in the NJTPA region. (LSP webpage)
,Long Range Transportation Plan LRTP The federally mandated long-range transportation plan for the region. It sets out a vision for development of the transportation system over the next 20 years and serves as an investment guide for the region. The LRTP is produced by the MPO every four years. Plan 2050 is the current LRTP.
Management Systems   ISTEA required the development of systems for managing and monitoring transportation system performance and the physical condition of assets. The systems help decision-makers to select cost-effective strategies/actions to improve transportation. Some examples of Management Systems are: pavement, safety, congestion, transit and bridge.
Marine Highways   The domestic, coastwise movement of maritime cargo. Also referred to as Short Sea Shipping.
Metropolitan Planning Organization MPO Under federal legislation, MPOs plan all federally funded transportation investments and serve as a forum where local officials, public transportation providers and state agency representatives can cooperatively plan to meet a region's current and future transportation needs.
Microtransit   A form of demand-responsive transport. This transit service offers flexible routing and/or flexible scheduling of minibus vehicles.
Mitigation   Any action taken or not taken to offset environmental or other impacts of proposed transportation improvements.
Mobility as a Service MaaS A shift from personally-owned modes of transportation to mobility provided as a service. This is enabled by combining transportation services from public and private transportation providers through a unified gateway that creates and manages the trip, which users can pay for with a single account.
Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century MAP-21 A funding and authorization bill to govern United States federal surface transportation investment enacted in July 2012 and extended until May 2015.
National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS A set of national goals for clean and healthy air outside of buildings as established by the US Environmental Protection Agency. These standards apply to pollutants considered harmful to public health and the environment.
National Association of Regional Councils NARC A nonprofit membership organization representing the interests of regional councils and MPOs nationwide. The NJTPA is a member.
National Environmental Policy Act NEPA A federal law that establishes a national policy promoting the enhancement of the environment. It aims to help public officials and citizens understand the environmental consequences of major projects and actions. It requires planners and engineers to consider alternatives and mitigation steps for major construction projects.
National Highway System NHS The national system consisting of interstate highways and other key links such as major state highways.
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection NJDEP The state agency that leads the state’s environmental science, regulatory, research, education and assessment efforts.
New Jersey Department of Transportation NJDOT The state agency responsible for maintenance, construction, and operation of state and interstate highways.
New Jersey Institute of Technology NJIT A public technology and science university located in Newark. NJIT is the host agency of the NJTPA
New Jersey Transit NJ TRANSIT The state agency responsible for maintenance, construction, and operation of public transit facilities.
New Jersey Turnpike Authority NJTA The agency that maintains, operates, and plans the NJ Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway. NJTA facilities do not fall under the jurisdiction of the NJTPA, but its projects are included in determining air quality conformity.
New York Metropolitan Transportation Council NYMTC The MPO for New York City, Long Island, and Rockland, Putnam, and Westchester counties. The NJTPA has a non-voting seat on the NYMTC Board.
NJTPA Online Transportation Information System NOTIS An interactive text and map-based online tool that displays transportation project information. (Access NOTIS)
North Jersey Regional Transportation Model–Enhanced NJRTM-E A federally required computer model of the region’s transportation system and travel patterns guides the NJTPA’s transportation planning efforts and its major products. The enhanced version of this model comprehensively forecasts roadway and public transit trips for northern New Jersey and surrounding counties.
North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority NJTPA The federally-authorized MPO for the 7 million people in the 15 subregions of northern New Jersey. The Board of Trustees is composed of representatives of the counties of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union and Warren; the cities of Newark and Jersey City; as well as from: NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, the PANYNJ; the Governor's office; and a citizen's representative.
Northeast Corridor NEC The rail corridor from Washington, D.C. to Boston. It is the busiest passenger rail corridor in the U.S.
Office of Planning Advocacy OPA The division of the state Department of Community Affairs that is charged with coordinating implementation of the State Plan and Smart Growth polices across the various state agencies.
Operating Agency   The agencies responsible for maintenance, construction, and operation of the state highway and public transit systems. Also known as implementing agencies, these include NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT and the PANYNJ.
Outreach Liaison Program   A pilot NJTPA program consisting of community members from diverse backgrounds and professions, who help tailor the NJTPA's public outreach strategies to the specific needs of a project or study area’s ethnic or cultural groups. Each liaison  interfaces with community members on behalf of the agency, facilitating community meetings or events, and providing translation services, if needed. (Outreach Liaison webpage)
Park-and-Ride   Designated parking areas for automobile drivers who then board buses or trains from these locations.
Performance Measures   Quantitative measures used to assess the functioning of particular facilities or aspects of the transportation system. (Performance Measures webpage)
Performance-Based Planning and Programming   Performance-based planning and programming is a systematic, goals oriented approach that transportation agencies incorporate in analysis and decision-making. The FAST Act and predecessor legislation require states and MPOs to use PBPP to help achieve desired performance outcomes for the multimodal transportation system.
Phase of Work   The stage of activity listed in a project's development within the S&D Program  or TIP.
Plan 2050: Transportation. People. Opportunity Plan 2050 The LRTP adopted by NJTPA Board of Trustees on September 13, 2021. Plan 2050 sets out a vision for development of the transportation system over the next 20 years and serves as an investment guide for the region. (Plan 2050 webpage)
Planning and Economic Development Committee PEDC A standing committee of the NJTPA. It oversees the content and provides policy direction for LRTP updates and other planning-related matters. Meets bi-monthly. (PEDC membership)
Planning and Environmental Linkages   A collaborative and integrated approach to transportation decisionmaking that 1) considers environmental, community, and economic goals early in the transportation planning process, and 2) uses the information, analysis, and products developed during planning to inform the environmental review process.
Planning for Emerging Centers   A NJTPA program that provides technical assistance in support of efforts by municipalities to create more sustainable, transit-supportive and walkable communities as well as comprehensive approaches to strategic planning at the local level. (Planning for Emerging Centers webpage)
Planning Funds PL Federal funds provided for planning projects and programs derived from a 1.25 percent set-aside from the federal transportation funding provided to states. PL funds are the principal revenue source for the NJTPA’s Central Staff operation and other components of the UPWP.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles PHEV Vehicles that use a combination of gas-powered and battery electricity as its fuel source.
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey PANYNJ The bi-state agency responsible for overseeing port operations, major airports, and for operating the Hudson River crossings, including the PATH rail system, tunnels and bridges. PANYNJ facilities do not fall under the jurisdiction of the NJTPA, but its projects are included in determining air quality conformity.
Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH The rail line operated by the PANYNJ that connects Essex and Hudson counties to Manhattan.
Preliminary Design PD Formerly the final phase of work in S&D Program. It has become part of the PE phase.
Preliminary Engineering PE The phase of project development in which the preferred alternative identified in CD is further developed and refined to a level of detail necessary to secure the approval of the environmental document, also known as the NEPA document.
Planning Recommendations Integration Management Engine PRIME An online geographic database containing needs and recommendations identified in planning studies which provides transportation planning professionals access to findings from studies in the NJTPA area. The system supports collaboration on planning and advancing projects. (Access PRIME)
Problem Statements   Initial statements about potential transportation problems and/or initiatives.
Project Pipeline   A series of procedures that projects must complete during the phases of development from general concept to construction.
Project Prioritization Committee PPC A standing committee of the NJTPA. It oversees development of the fouryear, fiscally constrained TIP, and other capital programming activities. Meets bi-monthly. (PPC membership)
Record of Decision ROD The official record resulting from an EIS.
Recreational Trails Program RTP Provides grants to public agencies and non-profit organizations for a variety of trail projects. The program is administered by the NJDEP Division of Parks and Forestry.
Regional Capital Investment Strategy RCIS The NJTPA’s policy on how transportation funds should be spent, centered on nine broad principles. Among these principles: help Northern New Jersey grow wisely, make travel safer, fix it first, expand public transit, limprove roads but add few, move freight more efficiently, manage incidents and apply transportation technology, support walking and bicycling, and increase regional resiliency.
Regional Transportation Advisory Committee RTAC A technical committee of subregional transportation planners which is responsible for providing technical assistance to the NJTPA Board of Trustees. Meets bi-monthly. (RTAC membership)
Request for Proposals RFP A solicitation often issued as part of a competitive negotiated acquisition process to communicate requirements to prospective contractors, consultants, suppliers, vendors, etc. and solicit proposals for a specific service or commodity. (Current RFPs)
Ridesharing company   The TNC or mobility service provider that matches passengers with vehicles via websites and mobile apps.
RideWise   A TMA serving Somerset County.
Right-of-way ROW Property on which a transportation project is built. Also regularly used to refer to the phase of work during which such property is acquired.
Right-of-way/Construction RC The costs of ROW acquisition and CON have been combined and the work will occur within one fiscal year.
Safe Routes to Schools SRTS A funding program for education and infrastructure to create safe, convenient, and fun opportunities for children to bicycle and walk to and from schools, for grades K-8. (SRTS webpage)
Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users SAFETEA-LU Enacted in 2005, SAFETEA-LU was the nation's principal transportation funding law before it was replaced in 2012 by MAP-21, the FAST Act and subsequently by IIJA.
Short Sea Shipping   The domestic, coastwise movement of maritime cargo. Also referred to as Marine Highway.
Short-Line Railroads   A small or mid-sized railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance relative to larger, national railroad networks.
Single Occupancy Vehicle SOV Refers to motor vehicles occupied by the driver only.
Smart Growth SG Smart Growth focuses planning resources on the restoration of existing infrastructure, in order to discourage urban sprawl. Communities seek restoration of the center city and older suburbs through a process that emphasizes environmental, economic, and fiscal priorities.
South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization SJTPO  SJTPO is the MPO serving Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, and Salem counties in South Jersey.
Sprawl   The unlimited outward expansion of suburbs characterized by low-density residential and commercial development, unchecked land development, and dominance of transportation by autos.
Stakeholders   Individuals and groups— including communities, government officials, businesses and other organizations— affected by decisions regarding transportation projects, studies, and initiatives.
State Development and Redevelopment Plan SDRP A plan intended to control suburban sprawl by influencing the intensities and locations of development and redevelopment. Required under a 1986 act of the state Legislature.
State Implementation Plan SIP The federally required plan for bringing the state into compliance with federal air quality goals as mandated by the CAAA. Developed under the leadership of the NJDEP, the SIP contains steps the state will take to reduce pollution from all sources. The NJTPA must demonstrate that the projects it approves conform to the SIP and will have a net positive impact on air quality.
State Planning and Research SPR A federal funding category that provides operating funds for planning and research projects and programs administered by NJDOT.
Statewide Transportation Improvement Program STIP The state’s fiscally constrained agenda of transportation improvement projects that is made up of the TIPs approved by the state’s three MPOs.
Strategic Highway Network STRAHNET A system of roads deemed necessary for emergency mobilization and peacetime movement of heavy armor, fuel, ammunition, repair parts, food, and other commodities to support U.S. military operations.
Strategic Highway Safety Plan SHSP A major component and requirement of HSIP). It is a statewide-coordinated safety plan that provides a comprehensive framework for reducing highway fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads.
Street Smart NJ   A public education campaign coordinated by the NJTPA that aims to raise awareness of pedestrian and motorist laws and change the behaviors that lead to crashes and fatalities. (Street Smart NJ website)
Study and Development S&D A schedule of project development work, up through and including the T    
Technical Advisory Committee TAC A committee formed to provide feedback, guidance, and technical input regarding a project, program, or product. May include partner organizations and agencies, stakeholders, and representatives of other relevant groups.
Title VI   Title VI, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq., was enacted as part of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964. It prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in any program or activity that receives Federal funds or other Federal financial assistance. (Title VI webpage)
Together North Jersey TNJ Together North Jersey is a consortium working to make the North Jersey region more competitive, efficient, livable, and resilient through collaboration, technical assistance, and peer-exchange opportunities. The TNJ Regional Plan was adopted in 2015. (TNJ website)
Toward Zero Deaths TZD &A national strategy on highway safety to advocate for eliminating serious injuries and deaths on our nation’s roadways. NJDOT has joined other states in the Toward Zero Deaths initiative in its 2015 and 2020 SHSP.
Transit-Oriented Development TOD Compact, pedestrian-friendly, mixed-use development near bus and rail stations.
TransOptions, Inc.   The TMA for northwest New Jersey.
Transportation Alternatives Program TAP Provides federal funding for projects and programs for enhancing pedestrian and bicycle mobility, access to transit, community improvement, environmental. (TAP webpage)
Transportation Capital Program TCP A listing of New Jersey Department of Transportation and NJ TRANSIT projects and programs, formerly known as the Capital Construction Program, that is annually submitted to the state Legislature for approval and to be considered for inclusion in the draft TIP.
Transportation Clean Air Measures TCAM Measures intended to reduce transportation-related emissions. TCAMs can include clean vehicle technology and diesel retrofits, anti-idling strategies, vehicle travel reduction, and public outreach programs.
Transportation Control Measures TCM Projects or programs that will lower transportation-related emissions by reducing vehicle use or improving traffic flow. In the context of transportation conformity, TCMs refer to actions that are specifically identified and committed to in a State Implementation Plan (see SIP).
Transportation Demand Management TDM Actions to reduce transportation demand, such as telecommuting, ridesharing, transit service improvements, commuter incentives, access management, and parking management.
Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century TEA-21 Enacted in June 1998, TEA-21 was the nation's principal transportation law until it was replaced by SAFETEA-LU in 2005, MAP-21 in 2012, the FAST Act in 2015, and IIJA in 2021.
Transportation Improvement Program TIP A four-year, fiscally constrained agenda of improvement projects drawn from the LRTP. To be eligible for federal funds, proposed projects must be approved by the NJTPA Board for inclusion in the TIP. Updated every two years. (TIP webpage)
Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act TIFIA Legislation that created a program to provide federal credit assistance in the form of direct loans, loan guarantees, and standby lines of credit to finance surface transportation projects of national and regional significance.
Transportation Management Association TMA Organization established to work with employers to help provide more effective transportation options. They promote ridesharing and transit use, among other activities. The NJTPA provides administrative oversight for the eight TMAs in New Jersey.
Transportation Network Company TNC A ridesharing or mobility service provider that matches passengers with vehicles via websites and mobile apps.
Transportation Research Board TRB The TRB is a division of the National Research Council, which serves as an independent adviser to the federal government and others on scientific and technical questions of national importance.
Transportation Systems Management TSM Initiatives designed to create the more efficient use of existing transportation facilities through improved infrastructure management and operation.
Transportation Trust Fund (New Jersey) TTF The account established by New Jersey state law in 1984 for funding transportation programs and initiatives with revenues from fuel taxes and other sources.
Travel Demand Management TDM Programs designed to maximize the people-moving capacity of the transportation system by increasing the number of people using existing transportation facilities, or by influencing the time of, or need to, travel.
Travel Demand Model   A computer-based simulation of the transportation network that generates travel pattern forecasts. Used by the NJTPA in its transportation planning activities. Also see NJRTM-E.
Unified Planning Work Program UPWP Summarizes the transportation planning activities of the NJTPA Central Staff, the subregions and other transportation agencies in the region. Updated annually. (UPWP webpage)
United States Department of Transportation USDOT The federal agency that develops and coordinates policies pertaining to the national transportation system. It includes the FHWA and the FTA.
United States Environmental Protection Agency USEPA A cabinet-level federal regulatory agency that leads the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts.
Urbanized Area UA or UZA Delineated by the U.S. Census Bureau, a continuously built-up area with a population of 50,000 or more. FHWA allows state DOTs to adjust Census UAs outward, as per 23 CFR 470.105.
Vehicle Miles Traveled VMT A measure of the amount of vehicular travel. One vehicle traveling the distance of one mile equals one vehicle mile traveled (VMT).
Vision Zero VZ A strategy to eliminate all traffic fatalities and severe injuries, while increasing safe, healthy, equitable mobility for all. First implemented in Sweden in the 1990s, Vision Zero has proved successful across Europe. In the NJTPA region, the Cities of Hoboken and Jersey City have Vision Zero safety policies, as does Middlesex County.